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Technical Area


FINE PORCELAIN STONEWARE

Ceramic tiles obtained via pressing, with low porosity and made of a bright mix that can be uniformly coloured or shaded using powder mixes and grains of different sizes.

The composition of the mix is very similar to that of vitreous china but raw materials are selected in order to contain the minimum percentage of iron oxides. The mix is pressed, with specific loads higher than 50% compared to vitreous china. The firing cycle lasts less than one hour at a temperature of 1400°C.

Tiles can then be polished, in order to enhance their aesthetics. Resistant to frost and acids with an excellent mechanical resistance.


GLAZED PORCELAIN STONEWARE

The application of a layer of glaze on the porcelain stoneware body. These materials are particularly suitable for residential use.


TECHNICAL PORCELAIN STONEWARE

The most sophisticated single-load and double-load pressing techniques for processing atomised and micronised powders are used to manufacture products with high technical standards.

Their high technical performance allow them to be used in advanced architectural projects.


COLOURED-IN BODY PORCELAIN STONEWARE

The random mixing of atomised and micronised powders creates aesthetic effects in the ceramic body, further enhanced by surface applications protected by transparent crystalline.

Their attractive appearance and technical performance make these products suitable for residential and light commercial use.


Shading

Products with the symbol below (V1-4), indicate the range has a degree of shade variation from tile to tile, characterised by a light to random finish to the surface.

shading


calibration

The “calibration” of the tile is the final finished size of the item post production.

Most tiles ceramic and porcelain are produced oversized and there is a degree of shrinkage during the firing process, which results in the tile becoming closer to intended size. The calibration on a non-rectified tile can vary a little from batch to batch. A rectified tile will have a calibration, final size that is set and more regular, as the rectification process takes the finished size to a final dictated size.

Please see chart for calibration sizes (for items where information is available).


wear grade

Wear Grade 0 Glazed tiles in this Class are not recommended for use on floors.

Wear Grade I Floor coverings in areas that are walked on essentially with soft soled footwear or bare feet without scratching dirt (for example residential bathrooms and bedrooms without direct access from the outside).

Wear Grade II Floor coverings in areas that are walked on by soft soled or normal footwear with, at the most, occasional small amounts of scratching dirt (for example rooms in the living areas of homes but with the exception of kitchens, entrances, and other rooms which may have a lot of traffic). This does not apply to abnormal footwear, for example hobnailed boots.

Wear Grade III Floor coverings in areas that, with normal footwear, are walked on more often with small amounts of scratching dirt (for example residential kitchens, halls, corridors, balconies, loggias and terraces). This does not apply to abnormal footwear for example hobnailed boots.

Wear Grade IV Floor coverings in areas that are walked on by regular traffic with some scratching dirt so that the conditions are more severe than Class 3 (for example entrances, commercial kitchens, hotel, exhibition and sale rooms).

Wear Grade V Floor coverings in areas that are subject to severe pedestrian traffic over sustained periods with some scratching dirt, so that the conditions are the most severe for which glazed floor tiles may be suitable (for example public areas such as shopping centres, airport con-courses, hotel foyers, public walkways and industrial applications).

This classification is valid for the given applications in normal conditions. Consideration should be given to the footwear, type of traffic and cleaning methods expected and the floors should be adequately protected against scratching dirt at the entrances to building by interposing footwear cleaning devices.


Slip resistance

Where possible we will indicate the slip resistance indicated by an ‘R’ rating, ranging from R9 (for indoor areas) to R12 (the highest value – recommended for external areas). If you require more technical details concerning the safety characteristics, please contact us directly.


Frost Resistant

Tiles that have been classified as ‘frost resistant’ has been tested for cold conditions when using for external areas.


Please note

The images contained on this site is for a representational example only, web/ screen viewing cannot reproduce a true likeness of colour, tone or texture. Reference to a sample is essential.


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